Now people live in the digital century: the age of mobile devices, electronic devices, IoT products, wireless connections, electronic entertainment services, etc. People use mobile devices for various purposes: getting information, paying bills, communicating with friends, solving business tasks, playing games, etc.
Each mobile device requires a special software program that guarantees the correct functioning of its hardware. Today, the most popular operating systems for mobile devices are Android and iOS.
What are the differences between iOS and Android development?
Programming language. Today’s applications are built in Java (for Android-based programs) and Objective-C (for iOS-based programs). Some developers prefer Java because it is easy to understand and implementing the same feature will require less Java code compared to Objective-C. But nowadays one more programming language is used. It’s called Swift. This open source language was created by Apple.
SDI. For encoding, the special place is required. It is an integrated development environment, for example, Delphi, NetBeans, Visual Basic, etc. Google has Android Studio. Previously, the Eclipse IDE and the Android Development Toolkit were used to build Android-based applications. Apple only uses XCode.
BONE. When developing apps based on iOS, developers and testers can only use Mac OS. But Android-based programs can be built on Mac, Linux, and Windows. it’s a plus On top of that, Mac OS is more expensive than Windows.
As the development procedure and architecture of Android and iOS products differ, mobile testing of applications for both operating systems will also have specific features.
What aspects do mobile influence tests have?
Deployment. The number of Android devices is larger than iOS and the update process takes more time as compared to iOS. As a result, Android testing requires more time and more resources and effort. Also, sometimes, for various product lines, it is not planned to get the latest updates. iOS devices don’t have that problem.
Screen size and resolution. The diversity of Android devices creates difficulties for your test. There are many Android devices with different screen sizes and layouts. In general, iOS products are similar and will take less time to verify.
capabilities. Each Android device has its own functionality and performance capabilities, and these specific features must be taken into account during Android testing. For proper operation, the software product requires the defined capabilities.
Usability. It is more difficult to run Android app usability tests as the interface of various devices is different. In addition, it also depends on the version.
As a conclusion, the general procedure for testing iOS and Android mobile apps is the same. But Android testing will require more time and resources due to the large number of devices available.