Croatia is located on the Adriatic Sea, opposite Italy, in the northern Mediterranean. With a history dating back over a thousand years, it first appeared on the political map of Europe in 1992, following the disintegration of Yugoslavia following a bloody civil war.
Climate – The climate is typical of the Mediterranean and provides pleasant holidays throughout the year. The best season for sailing in Croatia is in early summer with good winds in May and June mainly from the S / SE. Mornings tend to be calm and the wind picks up later in the afternoon to around 15-20 knots. The months of July and August see calmer conditions, which is fine for those who don’t mind driving. Temperatures in summer average between 26 and 30 ° C and the sea temperature in summer is about 25 ° C.
Navigation Zone – Starting in the North
The Brioni Islands: Formally the summer residence of President Tito, these islands were closed to the general public. Today they are open, but the facilities are a bit dilapidated, since little money was spent on their maintenance after the death of the president. The island group consists of 2 larger ones and 12 smaller ones. They were granted National Park status in 1983. The largest island is Veli Brijun, just 2 km off the coast. It is very green as it is covered with vegetation.
Cres and Losinj Islands: Covering an area of almost 400 square kilometers, Cres is the second largest island in the Adriatic. It is grouped with Losinj and 28 other smaller islands. The port of Mali Losinj is said to be the most beautiful in the entire Adriatic. Cikat Bay, known for its beach and good windsurfing, is the tourist center. While the city of Veli Losinj is much quieter. Cres Town is also popular and reminds of an Italian town due to the fact that for several centuries it was ruled by Venice. Susak Island is worth a visit. The population speaks their own dialect, which other Croats do not easily understand. And women are often dressed in a colorful suit, a multi-colored short dress, red leggings, and a white blouse.
Krk is the largest island in the Adriatic, with an area of 405.78 square kilometers, and it is also one of the most populated islands. It is very crowded by tourists traveling over the bridge to the mainland. It is not the most beautiful or the greenest of the islands. The main cities are Baska, the city of Krk itself, Malinska, Omisalj, Punat and Vrbnik. Krk Town is famous for the Cathedral of Saint Mary.
The island of Rab is one of the greenest islands in the Adriatic and probably one of the most magical. It has beautiful sandy beaches and is covered with pine forests. Rab Town, the main tourist center, is full of medieval buildings, built under Venetian rule in the 13th century. The walls of the old town are still visible in some places.
Pag is the second longest island in the Adriatic. It has little vegetation due to the strong Bora wind. Despite this, Pag has a lot of charm. It is well known for its lace making and the town of Pag is very well preserved.
Primosten, on the coast, is one of the most popular resorts on the Adriatic coast and has the best of Croatia since yesterday, stroll through the narrow cobbled streets of the old town located on a small mountainous peninsula and today, the Hacienda all night club is only 10 minutes by taxi.
The Kornati Islands – 140 islands make up this archipelago and it covers an area of 300 square kilometers. Most of the area is a National Park, so designated for its many coves and crystal clear waters. Astronauts described it as the bluest water on earth as seen from space. George Bernard Shaw said of the island group: “On the last day of Creation, God wanted to crown His work and therefore created the Kornati Islands with tears, stars and breath.” Most of the area belongs to the inhabitants of the island of Murter who come to take care of the olive groves, vineyards and orchards. They stay in cabins during the agricultural season but there is no permanent population. Hramina is a private marina on the island of Murter with good facilities including a variety of restaurants.
Dugi Otok is home to the great and beautiful bay of Telescica. The small fishing village of Sali here is famous for summer events that celebrate local folklore with a fun donkey race and a procession of illuminated boats. Brbinj, further up Dugi Otok, is a quiet, sheltered stop surrounded by pine and olive groves.
The city of Split is a UNESCO world heritage site famous for the Palace of Emperor Diocletian.
Visit Skradin on the mainland and venture upriver to the famous Krka waterfalls.
Brac is the largest island in central Dalmatia and the third largest in the Adriatic. It is also one of the sunniest with 2,700 hours a year. Brac is known for its agricultural products, figs, olive oil, nectarines, wine, and other fruits. However, the main export is the famous Brac stone from which many buildings have been built in the world, including the house of the presidents of the United States of America. The White House in Washington DC Bol is said to have the most beautiful beach in the world. Adriatic. Other resorts include the Golden Horn (Zlatni Rat), Milna, Sumartin, Supetar and Sutivan.
Hvar is the fourth largest island in the Adriatic and is even sunnier than Brac. However, there is enough rain to keep the island green and to keep the beautiful fields of lavender, marjoram, rosemary, sage, and thyme alongside the vineyards. In spring, Hvar smells of a herbalist. Lavender oil is the island’s main export product. The main tourist centers are the city of Hvar, Jelsa, Stari Grad, Sucuraj and Vrboska. Hvar has the oldest public theater in the country dating back to 1612.
Vis: 24 miles from the mainland, this is the westernmost of the largest Croatian islands. Vis is the oldest established city in Dalmatia founded in 397 BC. The island was the main base of the British troops during World War II. After 1945 the Yugoslav army was closed to the public and reopened in 1990. Some of the best Croatian wines are produced there, such as Plavac and Vugava. The two main cities are Vis Town and Komiza. Vis is especially calm and relaxing.
Bisevo is home to the famous Blue Caves and this is the perfect place to dive
Korcula is known for its dense forest. Marco Polo, the famous adventurer, was born in Korcula, and his home is still there. Korcula known as “Little Dubrovnik”, Vela Luka and Lumbarda are the main tourist centers.
On the mainland, Ston, is one of the most beautiful fortified cities you’ve probably ever seen. It is famous for its many cultural monuments and impressive defensive walls. Local restaurants serve delicious oyster dishes and other fresh seafood. Spend the afternoon on its sandy beach lined with olive trees.
Mljet is located 23 miles west of Dubrovnik and is the southern most of the largest islands. The western half of the island is a National Park and more than two thirds of the island is covered with forests. According to legend, Ulysses fell in love with the island and stayed there for seven years. You will find numerous good anchorages and sandy beaches on the south coast, the best of which is Saplunara.
The Elafit Islands – Kolocep, Lopud and Sipan – In ancient times, these islands were home to a large population of deer and take their name from the Greek word elafos, which means deer. In fact, there are six islands in the group and the most skilled sailors are said to have come from here. Once again, the islands are very beautiful and a must-see. Lopud is little more than two hills connected by a beautiful valley. Follow the path to the bay called Sunj, a round white sand beach perfect for swimming.
Dubrovnik is an immaculately preserved 13th century fortified city. Ancient walls surround the old town which contains a fascinating mix of Renaissance, Gothic and Baroque architecture. High walls and imposing towers rise dramatically from splendid squares lined with colorful bars, markets and restaurants. The entire city is a UNESCO world heritage site.
Food and wine: Croatian cuisine is typically Mediterranean with fish, seafood, fresh vegetables and olive oil as the protagonists. Fish varieties include dogtooth, sea bream, halibut, mackerel, sardines, and sea bass. You will find cuttlefish, octopus and squid, lobsters, mussels, oysters and shrimp. They are presented grilled or in stews and risottos. The smoked ham from the area is very good. Lamb is also highly appreciated, especially baked over an open fire. There are some interesting local dishes, some found on individual islands, to be sought out or avoided. Take Vitalec for example: lamb offal wrapped in lamb tripe and roasted with bones, not everyone’s idea of culinary heaven. The regions with abundant fresh water supplies, the Neretva Valley, Trilj and the Cetina Basin, are good for their dishes of frogs, eels and crayfish. Pag and Dubrovnik produce high quality sheep cheese. Pag’s is known as Paski-Sir, a distinctively flavored hard cheese. The unique flavor comes from the method of rubbing the cheese with olive oil and ash before allowing it to ripen; Also, sheep eat a diet that includes many wild herbs such as sage. Dalmatian desserts are good too. The most common ingredients are almonds, eggs, honey, local fruit, dried figs and raisins. Try the Orehnjaca, a sweet bread with walnuts or poppy seeds. Palacinke are pancakes that are usually served with jam or chocolate. Dalmatian wines have been highly prized since ancient times. Famous wines include Babic from Primosten, Dingac and Postup from the Peljesac peninsula and Plancic from the island of Hvar. There are also good brandies and local spirits.